What is biomass?
Biomass is biological material derived entirely from living, or recently living organisms. Although often used to mean plant derived fuel, biomass can equally apply to both animal and vegetable derived material.
What are the advantages over fossil fuels?
The carbon in biomass has been recently absorbed from the atmosphere as carbon dioxide (CO2) by plants, using energy from the sun to carry out the binding process.
This means that biomass fuels take carbon out of the atmosphere while growing, and simply return it when burned. If managed sustainably, biomass is harvested as part of a constantly replenished crop; during woodland or arboricultural management, coppicing, or as part of a continuous programme of replanting. This maintains a closed carbon cycle, with no net increase in atmospheric CO2 levels and, therefore, a zero carbon footprint!